- (1903-1969)social theorist and musicologist; a key associate of Frankfurt's Institut fur Sozialforschung. He was born in Frank-furt, where his father was a Jewish wine merchant (born Wiesengrund, Theodor adopted his mother's maiden name, Adorno, during World War I). Studies at Frankfurt led to a doctorate in 1924 with a thesis on the philosophy of Edmund Husserl.* During 1925-1928 he studied music with Alban Berg in Vienna and wrote his Habilitation on Kant and Freud. The completed manuscript was never examined; growing Marxist involvement and friendships with Walter Benjamin* and Max Horkheimer* led him to withdraw the thesis from his examiners. Returning to Frankfurt in 1928, he submitted a book on S0ren Kierkegaard as a new Habilitation. He began teaching at Frankfurt in 1931, but he was not of-facially part of the Frankfurt School* until 1938, after its relocation to New York. During 1928-1930 he edited Musikblätter des Anbruch, a Vienna-based music journal. In September 1933 the NSDAP withdrew his right to teach. Initially relocating to Berlin,* he left for London in the spring of 1934.Most attempts to classify Adorno are inadequate. While he was influenced by Marx, his work drew extensively on Hegel and was influenced by the pre-Marxist thought of Georg Lukacs* and Benjamin. Also, while sociology en-riched his thinking, during most of his life—from 1920 until his death in 1969— he published regularly on music. He identified himself with Vienna's neue Musik (especially the music of Berg and Arnold Schoenberg*), and his critique of music was integral to his philosophy and sociology. In sum, whether he was writing philosophy, psychology, or musicology, Adorno aimed to dissolve con-ceptual distinctions resulting from some mistaken notion of ultimate "primacy." His best-known work, The Authoritarian Personality, appeared only in 1950; inspired by his German experience, the book's thesis contends that authoritari-anism serves as the core around which certain personalities are forged.REFERENCES:Jay, Adorno and Dialectical Imagination; Lunn, Marxism and Modernism; Rose, Melancholy Science.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
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ADORNO, THEODOR W. — ADORNO, THEODOR W. (1903–1969), German philosopher, sociologist, composer. As a sociologist (in conjunction with max horkheimer et al.) he developed the Critical Theory of society (the so called Frankfurt School project) and published treatises… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Adorno, Theodor W. — (1903–1969) Adorno was a key figure in the influential Marxist Frankfurt School, and wrote extensively on a variety of subjects, including several works widely considered to be classics in their fields. Born in Germany, Adorno studied at the… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Adorno, Theodor W. — (1903–1969) German sociologist and political thinker. Adorno was a leading member of the Frankfurt school, whose general stance he shared. His work belonged mainly to sociology, and was especially concerned with the contradictions and distortions … Philosophy dictionary
Adorno, Theodor — See Critical theory … History of philosophy
Adorno, Theodor — ► (1903 69) Filósofo, sociólogo y musicógrafo alemán. Su pensamiento representa una fuerte crítica de la sociedad occidental y de la filosofía hegeliana. Entre sus obras destacan Dialéctica de la Ilustración (1947), La personalidad autoritaria… … Enciclopedia Universal
Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund — ▪ German philosopher and music critic born Sept. 11, 1903, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died Aug. 6, 1969, Visp, Switz. German philosopher who also wrote on sociology, psychology, and musicology. Adorno obtained a degree in philosophy from … Universalium
Adorno, Theodor (Wiesengrund) — (11 sep. 1903, Francfort del Meno, Alemania–6 ago. 1969, Visp, Suiza). Filósofo alemán. Adorno emigró a Inglaterra en 1934 para escapar del nazismo. Vivió diez años en EE.UU. (1938–48) antes de volver a Francfort, donde enseñó y encabezó el… … Enciclopedia Universal
Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund — (1903–69) German philosopher. Adorno was born in Frankfurt am Main. His father was a German Jew and his mother an Italian Catholic. He started his career teaching philosophy at the University of Frankfurt, but moved to England and subsequently … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Adorno, Theodor (Wiesengrund) — born Sept. 11, 1903, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died Aug. 6, 1969, Visp, Switz. German philosopher. He immigrated to England in 1934 to escape Nazism. He lived for 10 years in the U.S. (1938–48) before returning to Frankfurt, where he taught and… … Universalium
Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund — (1903 69) German philosopher and sociologist. He taught at the University of Frankfurt in 1931 and later lived in the US. In 1949 he returned to Germany, where he served as director of the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt and… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography